Here is why you might be suffering from severe period pains

Do you have terrible pain during your periods and the Ultrasound isn’t showing any cysts? It could be a case of endometriosis. It is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining inside the uterus is found growing outside the uterus. Most often this is found on the pelvic organs- ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. It is commonly found in women aged between 25-40 years. It is a progressive problem and there is a high possibility of recurrence of the symptoms after few years of treatment. It affects an estimated 1 in 10 women.

Cause:
The exact cause of it is still unknown.

Symptoms:
– Menstrual Pain. Typically the pain is in the lower abdomen area throughout the span of the cycle. In some, the pain is felt in the lower back area as well.
– Heavy, irregular or spot bleeding.
– Infertility. The scar tissues and the adhesions block the fallopian tubes and prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs.
– Painful sexual intercourse.
– Urinary or bowel symptoms.

Diagnosis:
In most cases endometriosis, especially smaller cysts, is not found through Ultrasound. One is commonly recommended to conduct a Laparoscopy to be sure.

Treatment:
Endometriosis can be treated to the extent of providing pain relief, to restrict progression or to restore or preserve fertility with medicines or surgery. Keeping the end goal in mind, physicians recommend the use of hormonal medication or surgery.

Prevention:
Certain evidence indicates the use of combined oral contraceptive to reduce the risk of endometriosis.

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